government sets national holy days every year, both fixed and moveable
dates. The fixed national holidays on the Gregorian calendar are the
international New Year, Jan. 1; Independence Day, Aug. 17; and Christmas,
Dec. 25. The Christian Good Friday, Easter Day, and Ascension Day, the
Balinese new year, Nyepi, and the Buddhist Waisak are also national
holidays. These holy days and all the Muslim holy days are based on
the moon cycle.
The official Muslim holidays in Indonesia for 2002 are:
Fitri Dec 6-7. The end of the Muslim fasting month, Ramadan, also
called Lebaran. It is very difficult to travel just before and just
after Idul Fitri everywhere except Bali, as just about everyone wants
to return to their home village to celebrate and then return to their
places of work in the cities.
Adha February 23. The day of Abraham's sacrifice and the day that
the haji pilgrims circle the Kaaba in Mecca.
March 15. The Islamic New Year, when Muhammad traveled from Mecca
Nabi Muhammad SAW May 25. Muhammad's birthday.
Mi'raj Nabi Muhammad SAW. October 4. When Muhammad ascended to heaven.
Event of Bali
runs simultaneously on several different calendrical systems, including
The important Balinese holidays include:
Balinese New Year is a day of silence and meditation. It falls
in March or April each year on the day after the new moon, about the
time of the vernal equinox. On Nyepi no physical activity occurs.
This means no fire (cooking, electricity), no work, no travel, and
no entertainment. Special dispensation is allowed for tourist buses
and transportation between the airport and hotels only. Other touring
is not allowed. Visitors must stay in their hotels where special permits
grant minimal use of lights and minimal activities. Those staying
outside hotels or in losmens will be required to observe the day of
silence. This "silence" is taken seriously and should be
respected by visitors.
day after Nyepi is Ngembak Nyepi and the roads are crowded
with people visiting family, friends, temples, dances and drama performances.
begins on the Wednesday of Dungulan, the 11th week of 30-week pawukon
cycle. Pre-Galungan rituals involve offerings of animal sacrifices.
One Galungan morning, everyone visits temples carrying colorful offerings.
10 days after Galungan on the Saturday of Kuningan, the 12th week,
marks the end of the celebration. It is a time for family gatherings,
prayers and still more offerings as deified ancestors return to heaven.
last day of the pawukon calendar, the Saturday of the Watugunung week,
is Saraswati Day, when Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge
and literature is honored. All books are blessed and no reading or
writing is allowed. The next day, the first day of the first pawukon
week, Sinta, is Banyupinaruh, when everyone goes to the beach for
cleansing ceremonies. For further information please find calendar
event 2002 out at
Festivals in Bali
temple festivals which are based on the 210 days pawukon calendar (odalan)
last alternatively one day or three days. Some of the major ones are
listed by the number and name of the Balinese week, then day of the
Wednesday: Pura Kehen, Bangli
Wednesday: Pura Desa/Puseh, Guang, Sukawati, Gianyar
Wariga, Saturday: Pura Desa/Puseh, Batuan, Giayar
Dunggulan, Friday: Pura Ulun Siwi, Jimbaran,
Kuningan, Friday: Pura Taman Pule, Mas, Ubud, Gianyar
Langkir, Wednesday: Pura Tanah Lot, Tabanan
Medangsia Tuesday: Pura Luwur Uluwatu, Jimbaran,
Pahang, Wednesday: Pura Air Jeruk, Sukawati, Giayar
Dwi Tambir: Tuesday, Pura Dalem Puri, Batuan 21. Matal, Wed: Pura
Uye, Saturday: Pura Puseh/Desa, Gianyar
Prangbakat, Wednesday :Pura Rambut Siwi, Jembrana, Negara
Wayang, Saturday: Pura Bhatara Ratu Gede, Celuk, Gianyar
Dukut, Tuesday: Pura Dalem Batuyang, Batubulan, Giayar
Watugunung, Saturday (Saraswati Day): Pura Banjar Tengah, Peliatan,
temple festivals based on the lunar calendar (usaba) begin on the full
moon of the relevant month and last for several days. The major ones